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This reading consisted of two different types of studies The first one is by Eugene Aserinsky a graduate student studying sleep His studies mainly involved infants he focused on their rapid eye movement which was the rolling of the eyes His thought was that the rapid eye movement occurred during the time in which we began to dream Since infants couldnt talk and tell him if they were dreaming or not Aserinsky decided to add adults to his study He took twenty adults and connected sensitive electronic measuring devices to the muscles around their eyes The participants were put to sleep but as soon as eye activity was shown they were awakened and questioned The results of this study were remarkable Aserinsky did 27 awakenings with rapid eye movement Twenty of them could report their detail visual dreams and seven remembered dreaming but not in explicit details Then he did 23 awakenings without any eye movement Here nineteen reported have no dreams and 4 felt as if they were dreaming but could not describe any of their dreams As a result of these experiments Aserinsky discovered REM sleep and over the years this research has expanded We have discovered that we sleep in 4 stages We start from our lightest stage and move up to our deepest stage once we reach our deepest stage we start moving backwards until we get to our lightest stage once again An interesting fact about REM sleep is that messages are send to your brain to paralyze your muscles Your brain does this as a survival mechanism so we dont act out our dreams while we are asleep and possibly hurt ourselvesDement is from Stanford University and he wanted to find out since we dream every night is dreaming necessary for us to function normally He studied on participants that were sleep deprived Dements first method was to give them depressant drugs to prevent them from sleeping
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