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Summary One article that was selected tested childrens ability to discern between male and female activities and the effects of childrens understanding of gender constancy based on height and sex Effects They both tested the childs interactive effects of social and cognitive factors Gender role knowledge flexibility and schematization social environments and their effects on children were also questioned Relations To test these ideas the researchers interviewed the children and used models to test their abilities in the area of study In the Effects article it was expected that children would use the models sex in relating more masculine activities to male and taller models and more feminine activities to female and shorter models In the results this hypothesis was confirmed Effects Congruent with predictions of the other article older children and children that had more interaction with their mothers and other factors were all demonstrated Relations Methods Analysis About sixty children were tested in each experiment ranging in ages from 33 to 78 months of age with an equal ratio of the sexes The children from a suburban preschool were asked to classify objects into gender typed categories by using line drawings of common objects during two interviews held at their preschool The objects pictured were feminine-typed masculine-typed or gender neutral Relations The children from a white middle class preschool were interviewed for approximately twenty minutes and the interview consisted of thirteen questions whose goal was to determine the childs understanding of gender constancy They were then given a series of pictures each of a male and a female of different heights or a male and another male or a female and another female each differing in height The children were then asked to match a gender typed activity to the figure they thought would perform the activity This was to determine whether or not height was a factor in childrens gender typing Effects About two weeks after the childrens interviews
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