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Which of these countries was most responsible for the Cold War USA or USSR Both USA and USSR contributed to the slow evolvement of the Cold War although I would accuse the USSR of being the more responsible of the two parties Stalins initial paranoid suspicions of the West gave him the need to cripple Germany in order to feel protected against future threats and I believe that he used this excuse to too far an extent thus bringing about the Cold War During the years of 1945 and 1947 he tightened his grip over the countries of Eastern Europe that the red army had entered during the last year of the war This was achieved in the way that coalition governments were set up that consisted of both Communist and democratic parties but the key posts tended to be held by Communists Free elections followed which resulted in communist governments replacing the coalitions but the methods used to win the elections were based around intimidation and arrest of non-Communists Winston Churchill introduced a well-known quote regarding these Russian tactics in 1946 at Missouri USA From Stettin on the Baltic to Trieste on the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended In my opinion this was the unofficial beginning of the Cold War However despite that fact that this statement was made containing the implication that the iron curtain was caused solely by the Russians the USA also had a lot to do with its existence Stalins increased paranoia had been largely increased when the Americans successfully tested their atomic bomb at a desert site in USA on 16th July 1945 and this would have no doubt given him an augmented belief in his firm need for buffer states surrounding Russia Truman also refused to agree to acting as harshly towards Germany as Stalin made clear he wanted at the Potsdam Conference in 1945 which too would have added to the pressure upon
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