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Rabinowitz Howard N The First New South 1865-1920 Arlington Heights Harlan Davidson 1992 Print American History SerHoward N Rabinowitz the author of The First New South taught at the University of New Mexico The First New South described the economic political and societal drawbacks of the southern states which inhibited them from catching up to the North The economy of the New South was purely based on the development of agriculture industrialization and urbanization Agriculture revolved around cotton After the Civil War the blacks gained land albeit from their previous owner Many were unable to sustain crops thus incapable of paying dues plunging them into debt The tenants were limited to cotton growth by legislature and the merchants After effects of the Civil War were felt equally by both blacks and whites because they were both bound by taxes mortgages laws and government manipulation Through newspapers such as the Whig and Courier Journal the South gained inspiration to look at industrialization as a savior from dependency on the North The government used the North and Europe to fund the railroads The railroads represented the road to recovery with Texas and Georgia leading the way After a mass production of railroads in the South accessibility to raw materials such as cool and iron increased The coal industry was the primary investment from the North due to its superb quality and cheaper prices Furthermore World War I caused an increase in demand for iron and coal Even though industrialization was effective in some cities in 1890 it ruined the lives of many Also it prohibited the South from catching up to the North for industrialists were not employing the unskilled for the greater good Then in terms of urbanization city population increased due to the production of railroads which unprecedentedly connected rural and urban lands The Panic of 1873 showed how the New South was unsuccessful Those states had a hard time paying debt interest
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