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Revolution and Its Effect on the Nation of Cuba From the times of Columbus to the reign of Fidel Castro Cuba has been colonized by Spain influenced by the United States and ruled by many tyrant-like dictators During this time two major revolutions took place The first against the Spanish in order to establish themselves as an independent country and the second against the dictator Fulgencio Batistas corrupt rule These two revolutionary movements changed Cubas history forever and each began a new era of life Cubas first revolution began in the fall of 1868 when a group of wealthy landowners started a revolt against the Spanish rule they were presently under On October 10th these men gathered at the ranch of Carlos Manuel de Cespedes who declared the independence of Cuba and set his slaves free Various battles followed between the rebels and the Spaniards as Cubans throughout the country joined together to fight for freedom The war eventually ended with the arrival of a new Spanish governor General Arsenio Martinez Campos who offered many of the reforms Cubans had been fighting for In 1878 the Peace of Zanjon was signed Despite this act of peace Cubas struggles were not at an end in 1879 rebels organized yet another uprising However because the harsh conditions had eased the rebels found little support for their cause and were forced to remain relatively quite for the next ten years After a period of peace trouble began once again when in 1891 Romero Robledo was made Minister of Colonies in Spain From his position he passed a number of unfavorable measures against the Cubans which made them eager for independence At this time Jose Marti was organizing a War of Independence in the United States After gathering support Marti and his followers traveled to Cuba in the spring of 1895 Here they met up with other revolutionaries From the beginning Marti insisted on personally fighting with
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