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Introduction The organization of the eastern religions ranges from simple to complex Many religions have spiritual leaders or priestly figures These leaders have the responsibility to conduct religious services ceremonies and rituals to advise or command believers and to govern the religious organization at various levels This document attempts to present the various roles responsibilities authorities and lifestyles of the spiritual leaders of five eastern religions The eastern religions reviewed will be Buddhism Confucianism Hinduism Sikhism and Taoism Buddhist Priests In the earliest centuries of Buddhism monks were itinerant They wandered from place to place during nine months of the year During the other three months the rainy season they would gather together in a rain retreat for teaching learning and encouragement Over the centuries the wandering aspect has mostly died out Monks are now usually located at monasteries temples and other religious sites Not only do they meditate they usually have other duties as well In the modern world many attend university and study a range of subjects There are 3 main types of buildings in Buddhism Stupa Temple and Monastery Stupa is the single most important monument built to house relics of the Buddha or his disciples or to commemorate a Buddhist event Temples caitya enshrines a stupa or an image of the Buddha Monasteries sangha started on the rainy seasons wassa during the 3 months of July to October when the mendicants and beggars got together At temples and stupas monks have a number of tasks from maintaining the complex to dealing with the pilgrims and visitors as well as participating and guiding worship The main aim of the monks bikkhus and nuns bikkhunis of the sangha is to engage in meditation and concentration that will bring them to enlightenment and then nirvana The word sangha sometimes refers to the ideal Buddhist community which consists of those who have reached the higher stages of
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