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From law enforcement practitioners to criminal justice personnel and even scholars in the disciplines of social sciences the theoretical attribution and or explanation of crime and criminality within the American society has shifted from one criminological thought to another The purpose of this paper is to provide an argument that supports routine activities as the theory that best explicate criminal behaviors in the United States Hemmens Tibbets 2010 depicts that routine activities theory describes the occurrence of crimes as a result of individuals everyday activity such as employment personality and social participations It emphasizes that crimes take place when three important components combine absence of effective stewardship an inspired perpetuator and an ideal target Equally important this theory highlights that crime happen because offenders succumb to temptation in society As proponents of this theory Lawrence Cohen and Marcus Felson state that a motivated perpetuator is a person who has the capability and willingness to carry out a crime For example in the United States the common reason for residential burglary is influenced by the need for money Schmalleger 2009 With respect to suitable target it does constitute an individual or object In addition the offender usually picks a person entity or material that the offender thinks is vulnerable and can be easily prey on Burke Fradella Joplin et al In 1993 Damain Williams an African American was sentenced to prison for ten years after assaulting a white truck driver as evident of his disappointment over the police handling of the Rodney King racial conflict in Californ Schmalleger 2009 Interestingly Hemmens Tibbets illuminate that the third factor of routine activities theory is the lack of capable guardianship which normally is applicable to a police officer or security guard Also others capable guardians are security dogs and alarm
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