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Word Count: 439
The New York Police Department and Mayor Rudolph Giuliani originally introduced the zero tolerance approach Based on the information I have read it appears that New Yorks crime rate dropped drastically during the period in which there were zero tolerance policies According to statistics since 1993 major crime in New York City has fallen by 39 and murder has fallen by 73 Whether it was this approach or some other factor which was responsible for the recent falls in crime in New York and elsewhere I am unsure One theory for the decreased crime rate is that fewer people are involved in the crack epidemic which swept the city in the 1980s and early 1990s Another theory is that the majority of the offenders responsible for crime in the 1980s are now in prison For example in San Diego where they did not have any zero tolerance policies murders have fallen by 41 According to the National Institute of Justice February 2001 homicide is among one of the offenses for which there was no direct relationship with disorder Some of the opponents of the zero tolerance policies state that the police are based on a punishment mentality which creates fear and distrust in many communities The most serious complaints about Zero Tolerance revolve around police brutality Other opponents of zero tolerance policies feel that zero-tolerance policing means zero tolerance for certain people mainly black males who are disproportionately arrested and convicted of crimes According to Jeffrey Rosen of the New Republic Broken Windows policing gives cops broad discretion to prosecute or not to prosecute low-level offences in order to deter the social disorder that breeds more serious crime and that zero tolerance focuses not on deterring crime but discovering it - by mandating that police stop frisk and arrest vast numbers of black and Hispanic men for minor offences in hope that turnstile jumpers and pot smokers may also be guilty of more serious offenses
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