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According to Nozick there are three sets of rules of justice defining 1 how things not previously possessed by anyone may be acquired 2 how possession may be transferred from one person to another and 3 what must be done to rectify injustices arising from violations of 1A distribution is just if it has arisen in accordance with these three setsNozick does not try to specify in detail the rules under the above threeheadings I shall not attempt that task here p 153 However he doesgive some further information on rules of acquisition see p 174ff Hefollows John Locke who as Nozick interprets him held that a person has aright 1 to own what he makes and 2 to appropriate anything not alreadyowned provided he leaves enough and as good for others - ie providedhis appropriation leaves them no worse off Nozick calls this the Lockeanproviso It is not clear how Nozick would defend 1 against his owncriticisms of Locke p 174-5 As for 2 he points out that the provisocannot reasonably be taken to mean that there can be no worsening ofothers opportunities to appropriate it must mean that in other respectsthey are no worse off Nozick raises the question No worse than they wouldbe how What is the baseline In Rawlss theory the representativeworst-off person must be no worse off than he would be under any otherpossible arrangement Nozick rejects this but does not define anotherbaseline This question of fixing a baseline needs more detailedinvestigation that we are able to give it here p 177 However whetheror not Lockes particular theory of appropriation can be spelled out so asto handle various difficulties I assume that any adequate theory ofJustice in acquisition will contain a proviso similar to the weaker of theones we have attributed to Locke p 178 Nozick says that the proviso isviolated if a person appropriates all of something necessary to life - orpurchases it or combines with the other owners
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