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Segregation and Discrimination that effected Black Texans and Mexican Americans in Texas Historians have described the early twentieth century as the nadir of race relations in this country Ironically populism which tried to create a biracial political coalition helped to encourage segregation in the south Attempting to prevent any coalition of blacks and poor white farmers establishment Democratic politicians frequently demonstrated their Negrophobia by accusing blacks of having inherently inferior racial characteristics and warning that such innate flaws threatened society There began a move to make African Americans outsiders governed by political leaders for whom they could not vote and segregated by law and custom into a separate society The movement largely succeeded In rural areas of Texas most blacks did not vote as they became victims of all white primaries As black Texans migrated to cities however they acquired some voting power Excluded from political participation black Texans watched as white officials segregated public facilities The state legislature in 1910 and 1911 ordained that railroad stations must have separate waiting rooms and separate water fountains and restrooms existed at public facilities It was virtually impossible for the black citizens to stay at major hotels to eat in better restaurants to attend most cultural or other entertainment events unless segregated inferior seating sections were provided Vigilante style violence as well as law enforcement agencies upheld the separate and unequal society Texas ranked third nationally in lynching as mobs killed over 100 blacks between 1900 and 1910 In 1916 race riots erupted periodically throughout the period White prejudice included animosity toward black troops in the US Army Brownville whites objected to the stationing of the all black Twenty fifth Infantry at Fort Brown They charged that the troops raided the city in 1906 in protest of discriminatory practices Later evidence demonstrated the unfairness of the charges but by that time President Theodore Roosevelt had dishonorably discharged 160 of the troops Black soldiers resentment of
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