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During both the civil war and civil war reconstruction time periods there were many changes going on in the Union The Emancipation Proclamation as well as legislation such as the thirteenth fourteenth and fifteenth amendments was causing a new awakening of democracy while the renouncing of secession by the South marked a definite triumph for Nationalism As well the government was involved in altercations of its own During reconstruction the legislative and executive branches eventually came to blows over the use of power The nation was being altered by forces which caused and later repaired a broken Union The first of these forces was the expansion of democracy As early as 1862 Lincoln was taking a major step in that direction On September 22 Lincoln announced the freeing of all slaves in areas not in Union control Although the proclamation did not free all slaves everywhere it was the action that would push Congress to pass the thirteenth amendment in 1865 The amendment ratified later in 1865 stated that Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall exist within the United States or any place subject to their jurisdiction It seemed democracy had triumphed by giving freedom to slaves but the amendment was not complete It only stopped slavery and made no provisions for citizenship therefore blacks were still not considered United States citizens The fourteenth amendment was the democratic expansion that fixed that problem Originally passed to put a number of matters beyond the control or discretion of the president the amendment also made All persons born or naturalized in the United States citizens of the United States It also provided that No State shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States This not only gave new meaning to black mens freedom but it also gave a new and broader meaning to citizenship Those drafting the amendment hoped that the broadness of
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