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This paper critiques six major theories of organization and the following is an introduction including the theorists and era that framing each one the first is classical theory which arrived in the US and Europe during the industrial revolution dominated pre-WWII organizational theory and included theorists such as Daniel McCallum Frederick Winslow Taylor Max Weber Luther Gulick and Henry Fayol Shafritz Ott Jang 2011 Chapter 1 Post WWII organizational theory introduced the neoclassical organizational approach including theorists Robert Merton Chester Bernard Herbert Simpson and Philip Selznick Shafritz et al Chapter 2 Shortly after human resources theory developed around 1957 and includes theorists Abraham Maslow Douglas McGregor Mary Parker Follet and Irving Janis Shafritz et al 2011 Chapter 3 Post WW11 a revival of classical founded modern structural theory including primary theorists Henry Mintzberg Richard Burton Tom Burns GM Stalker Borge Obel Peter Blau and W Richard Scott Shafritz et al 2011 Chapter 4 Organizational economics was prevalent in the second half of the 20th century and includes Oliver E Williamson William Ouchi Jay Barney Michael C Jensen William H Meclking and Paul H Rubins Shafritz et al 2011 Chapter 5 Lastly systems theory dominated during the late 1960s including theorists Ludwig von Bertalanffy Robert Kahn Daniel Katz Jeffrey Pfeffer Gerald Salancik Glenn R Carroll Michael T Hannan James Thompson and Norbert Weiner Shafritz et al 2011 Chapter 8Description of the Major Theories The Primary Tenets of Each TheoryThe primary tenets of classical theory include organizational efficiency organizational rationality the ideal structure for an organization administrative power and a focus on organization production Shafritz et al 2011 Chapter 1 Neoclassical tenets include internal-external coordination of units administrative efficiency worker cooperation and a sociological perspective Shafritz et al 2011 Chapter 2 Human resources tenets find human needs as the primary function of organization the importance of employees to achieve goals a focus on collaboration and a need for information and communication Shafritz et al 2011
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