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Discuss what is meant by the term socialisation What are the main socialising agents in AustraliaSocialisation is part of sociologist Emile Durkheims functionalist perspective of society Durkheims theoretical perspective argues that individuals are controlled by society and controlled by social values and norms which are passed on from generation to generation via socialisation Aspin 1996 p6 According to Van Krieken 2005 p6 Socialisation can be defined as the ways in which humans learn to develop behaviour experiences and identities relevant to their culture Identity refers to how people view themselves according to the characteristics they have developed due to social influences Van Krieken p7 Socialisation is a lifelong process and there are many agents of socialisation throughout our life that influence the person we become and how we fit within the social structure This essay will discuss some of the major agents of socialisation in Australian cultureOne of the first and most influential agents of socialisation is the family In Australian culture the family unit is where we first learn our identity and social position in society Our social position determines our chances in life based on things that are valued within our culture such as class gender ethnicity and religion Our families teach us our roles in life or what is expected of us based on our gender or religion or social class Henslin and Possamai 2011 p63 From a functionalist perspective our family teach us teach us the role we must fulfil to survive in society Henslin and Possamai 2011 p83Religion is another socialising agent that can influence a persons behaviour and role in society it determines our attitudes towards other members of society our sense of what we think is acceptable behaviour from ourselves and others and how we feel about Australian culture Religion can be a choice one follows or can be an expectation from the family we belong to Henslin and
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