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Socio-Cultural Organisation of AxumAksum Ethnicity - In identifying the race and language of the people of Aksum one must look back once again to the origins of this civilisation 8th to 6th millennia BC - development of pastoralism then agriculture in northern Africa and southwestern Asia The ancient language of these peoples fragmented as the population grew modern Cushitic and Semitic languages spoken in Ethiopia today are a result of this 2nd millennia BC A Semitic language called Geez in common with the dialects of South Arabia as they derive from the same Afro-Asiatic group eventually dominated the Tigray area Where the state of Aksum was eventually based following the introduction of certain crops and the plough by people from the Sudan region 7th century BC Geez speaking peoples in northern highlands of Tigray founded the kingdom of Daamat which controlled a vast area including lands to the west up until around 3rd century BC traded animal steals gold silver and slaves to merchants from South Arabia Beginning1st century BCAD - The kingdom of Aksum was established it rose to power and began to dominate its neighbours apparently as a direct successor to the old DMT Daamat kingdom1 The Aksumites were a mix of Cushitic or Kushitic speaking people from Ethiopia and Semitic speaking people of Southern Arabia the peopling of Northern Ethiopia from South Arabia is proved linguistically but the difference between the Sabaean and Ethiopian languages is such as to imply that the settlement was very early and that there were many centuries of separation during which the Ethiopians were exposed to foreign influences Geez was the Aksumite peoples predominant language and it was they who introduced Ethiopias first written language 2 Controlling one of the most important trading routes in the world ensured Aksums tremendous wealth and subsequent status of being one of the most important cosmopolitan centres of the ancient world Labelled by the Persian
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