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Special Needs Children and Mathematics The teaching of mathematics to children in primary school classrooms can be seen as challenging for some teachers This is due to a changing society and the introduction of more complex mathematical skills Once it was acceptable only to teach the four major mathematical operations but now machines are available to complete these procedures Yet now numeracy communicating and making sense of mathematics in a range of everyday applications has become the main focus of mathematics teaching throughout primary education Bobis et al 1999 The teaching of numeracy skills to special needs children has become a further challenge for regular classroom teachers around Victoria Though most special needs students learn differently most can master important mathematical concepts and skills Teachers in many of todays classroom use concrete materials to reinforce the concepts related to mathematics These techniques are extremely effective for special needs children many t as it allows the students to understand and visually assess the ways in which these mathematical concepts work Giordano 1993 However other instructional alternatives to meeting special needs including spatial visual auditory and kinaesthetic approaches such as colour coding the steps needed to be taken during a mathematical process For students who are colour-blind heavy bolding underlining and italics could be used instead Bley Thornton 1989 Also using number charts and special topic charts like the steps taken for long division could be placed around the regular classroom walls for the use of all the students in the class yet could be of special help to those with special learning needs Bley Thornton 1989 Proper sequencing of instruction is important for all students especially those are learning disabled as it clearly outlines what is expected of the students and how they are to set out mathematical equation and what operation is to be used in the concept In addition breaking instructions into smaller meaningful sections makes learning possible and not
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