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After the World War II and the Holocaust many Jewish and Christian people were left wondering why God would let such a thing happen Many felt estranged as if God had somehow abandoned them in their most desperate time of need The world needed an explanation as to why God would let such a thing happen to his so-called children This need for an explanation of why evil exists in a world that is supposed to have been created by an all-powerful and all-loving God has plagued religious believers for centuries Because of this need many scholars have sought out explanations This search for an answer to the problem of evil has resulted in many theodicies or defenses of God in view of the existence of evil One such defense is known as the free will defense The free will defense attempts to combat the problem of evil by rationalizing that evil is the result human action and therefore God is not to be held accountable for it This essay will discuss both the strengths and weaknesses of the free will defense Before we can discuss the free will defense we must define the different types of evil that exist Philosophers distinguish between two types of evil that exist in this world natural evil and moral evil Natural evils are those evils that occur that are outside of our control or more simply put the evils exist in nature These evils include natural disasters like earth quakes floods and tornados They also include other forms of chance occurrences that are out of our control Moral evils on the other hand are the evils that are in the control of humans and result from human action They include things such as murder rape theft etcEvil both natural and moral creates many problems and contradictions regarding the existence of God One such problem that has been created by the existence and abundance of evil in the world
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