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Mary Reynolds April 24 2000 Dr Boitano US Foreign Policy The Rise of the Superpower Russia and the United States grew to become the main superpowers in the arena of international relations during a specific time in history The emergence of these two countries as superpowers can be traced back to World War II In order to be a superpower a nation needs to have a strong economy an overpowering military immense political power and a strong national ideology Aga-Rossi 65 It was World War II and its results that caused each of these countries to experience such a plurality of power Ovyany 97 Before the war both nations were fit to be described as great powers but it would be incorrect to say that they were superpowers at that point To understand how the second World War impacted these nations so greatly the causes of the war must be examined The United States gained its strength in world affairs from its status as an economic power Prior to the war America was the worlds largest producer During the same time in Russia Stalin was implementing his five year plan to modernize the Soviet economy From these situations similar foreign policies resulted It is important to discuss the leaders and their strategies during this time to understand how these countries became superpowers Many US citizens believed that America entered the war in order to save capitalist investments in Europe Whether this is the case or not President Roosevelt signed the Neutrality Act of 1935 making it illegal for the United States to ship arms to the antagonists of any conflict Aga-Rossi 68 The act also stated that the antagonists could only buy non-armaments from the US and even these were only to be bought with cash Aga-Rossi 69 In contrast although Stalin was interested in European affairs it was only to the extent to keep Russia out of war Stalin wanted to consolidate
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