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The structure of the personality in psychoanalytic theory is threefold Freud divided it into the id the ego and the superego Only the ego is visible or on the surface one may say while the id and the superego remain hidden below the surface of what we show of our personalities to others but each has its own effects on the personality nonetheless This essay seeks to explore these three layers of personality and how they work with one another In Freuds structural hypothesis the id is generally recognised as the psychic representative of the drives Berger 1995 p106 The id represents biological forces and is always present in the personality The id is governed by the pleasure principle or notion of hedonism seeking of pleasure Early in the development of his theory Freud saw sexual energy or the libido or the life instinct as the only source of energy for the id It was this notion that gave rise to the popular conception that psychoanalysis is all about sex After the carnage of World War I however Freud felt it necessary to add another instinct or source of energy to the id So he proposed Thanatos the death instinct Thanatos accounts for the instinctual violent urges of humankind Obviously the rest of the personality would have somehow to deal with these two instincts It is interesting to note how Hollywood has capitalised on the id box office success is highly correlated with movies that stress sex violence or both We can come nearer to the id with images and call it chaos a cauldron of seething excitement We suppose that it is somewhere in direct contact with somatic processes takes over from their instinctual needs and gives them mental representation These instincts fill it with energy but it has no organisation and no unified will only an impulsion to obtain satisfaction for the instinctual needs in accordance with the pleasure principle Hinsie
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