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Putting to death people who have been judge to have committed certain extremely heinous crimes is a practice of ancient standing But in the United States in the latter half of the twentieth century it has become a very controversial issue Changing views on this difficult issue led the Supreme Court to abolish capital punishment in 1972 but later turned to uphold it again in 1977 with certain conditions Indeed restoring capital punishment is the will of the people yet many voices have been raised against it Heated public debate have centered on questions of deterrence public safety sentencing equality and the execution of innocents among others One argument states that the death penalty does not deter murder Dismissing capital punishment on that basis would require us to eliminate all prisons as well because they do not seem to be any more effective in the deterrence of crime Others say that states which have the death penalty have higher crime rates than those that do not And that a more sever punishment only inspires more sever crimes But every state in the union is different These differences include population the number of cities and the crime rate Urbanized states are more likely to have higher crime rates than states that are more rural The state that have capital punishment have it because of their high crime rate not the other way around In 1985 a study was published by economist Stephen K Layson at the University of North Carolina that showed that every execution of a murderer deters on average of 18 murders The study also showed that raising the number of death sentences by only one percent would prevent 105 murders However only 38 percent of all murder cases result in a death sentence and of those only 01 percent are actually executed During the temporary suspension on capital punishment from 1972 - 1976
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