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Word Count: 1,877
In viewing the various aspects of the island society in Goldings Lord of the Flies as a symbolic microcosm of society a converse perspective must also be considered Goldings island of marooned youngsters then becomes a macrocosm wherein the island represents the individual human and the various characters and symbols the elements of the human psyche As such Goldings world of childrens morals and actions then becomes a survey of the human condition both individually and collectively Almost textbook in their portrayal the primary characters of Jack Ralph and Piggy are then best interpreted as Freuds very concepts of id ego and superego respectively As the id of the island Jacks actions are the most blatantly driven by animalistically rapacious gratification needs In discovering the thrill of the hunt his pleasure drive is emphasized purported by Freud to be the basic human need to be gratified In much the same way Goldings portrayal of a hunt as a rape with the boys ravenously jumping atop the pig and brutalizing it alludes to Freuds basis of the pleasure drive in the libido the term serving a double Lntendre in its psychodynamic and physically sensual sense Jacks unwillingness to acknowledge the conch as the source of centrality on the island and Ralph as the seat of power is consistent with the portrayal of his particular self-importance Freud also linked the id to what he called the destructive drive the aggressiveness of self-ruin Jacks antithetical lack of compassion for nature for others and ultimately for himself is thoroughly evidenced in his needless hunting his role in the brutal murders of Simon and Piggy and finally in his burning of the entire island even at the cost of his own life In much the same way Piggys demeanor and very character links him to the superego the conscience factor in Freuds model of the psyche Golding marks Piggy with the distinction of being more intellectually mature than the others
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