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The struggle for equality for Americans of African descent continues despite significant advances made during the 1950s and 1960s Since then African Americans have acquired equality and desegregation But these rights have not come easily as there was much hatred and mistreatment by many whites With the success of the Montgomery boycott Black leaders charted a new path for the struggle for Civil Rights In January of 1957 southern Black ministers met and established the Southern Christian Leadership Conference SCLC Rev Martin Luther King became the first president of the organization After conferring with the NAACP a decision was made to follow-up on the suggestion made by A Philip Randolph sixteen years earlier a march on Washington to highlight the struggle for Blacks Some twenty-five thousand people gathered during the first march seeking more Civil Rights legislation for all Many of the protests initiated during the 1950s and 1960s were spontaneous reactions to White mistreatment One such incident occurred in Greensboro North Carolina when a black student was refused service at a bus terminal lunch counter After the incident Joseph McNeil and three other students decided to go to the local Woolworth store and remain there until they were served The waitress refused to serve them so the four young men just sat there until they were arrested Each day the protesters would return and grow in numbers and as such many were arrested This was one of the first examples of non-violent civil disobedience Black adults soon joined in and a boycott of downtown area stores began When many of the stores were near financial ruin the decision was made to break the tradition and desegregate the lunch counters When the success of the boycott spread around the country other Black students spontaneously formed organizations to initiate similar non-violent protests around the country In October of 1960 the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee SNCC was formed Future Washington DC
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