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Now a days when one hears the words Anti-trust Law everyone automatically thinks about the Anti-trust Lawsuit against the Microsoft Corporation But many people wonder what exactly has Microsoft done to bring up these charges and how does this law apply to MicrosoftTo start with the economy found with in the United States is one that is dependent on competitive competition and on the operation of a multiple market force In other words it is the condition of which there is economic rivalry among firms of both production and services In order for this competition to remain Congress felt it nessisscary to pass a law in order to keep this competition equal among all paritiesThis first act which still remains the most important is the Sherman Act The most important parts of this lawsuit can be found in Sections One and Two of the Sherman ActSection One of the Sherman act prohibits contracts combinations and conspiracies in restraint of trade Section Two prohibits monopolization attempts to monopolize and conspiracies to monopolize Restated Section Ones focus is on the collisions among firms which are to be acting on an independent basis while making basic decisions within the business realm Section Two on the other hand focuses on the single-firm domination of a market and the prohibition of such a firmOn July 15 1994 the United States commenced an action against the Microsoft Corporation under Section Two of the Sherman Act for unlawfully maintaining its monopoly in the market for the personal computer PC operating system The complaint alleged among other things that Microsoft had engaged in anti-competitive agreements and marketing practices directed at OEMs or Original Equipment Manufacturers These agreements included contracts that required OEMs to pay Microsoft for each non-Microsoft operating systems that they distributed and long-term agreements that required unreasonable large minimum commitments from OEMs In turn the effect of Microsofts practices and agreements were unlawfully used to maintain their monopoly in the PC
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