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Child Psychology Abstract Autism is considered a neurobiological disorder However its exact origin is not known There is a variety of treatment approaches available This paper introduces some of them and describes Applied Behavior Analysis and the Developmental Individual-Difference Relationship-Based DIR Model in more detail Up to this date we cannot say for sure which treatment is the best for a child born with autism Autism is one of the five disorders called Pervasive Developmental Disorders PDD It is considered to be of neurobiological origin and its exact cause is not known It usually becomes apparent before age three disrupts communication and social skills and may also be displayed in repetitive patterns of behavior interest and activities Different approaches for the treatment of autism are available today TEACCH TEACCH Treatment and Education of Autistic and related Communication handicapped Children is a program started by the University of North Carolina It was developed in the 1970s by Eric Schopler The program is structured around each individuals abilities and tries to improve the childs communication and social skills it teaches daily activities and may even provide instructions for a job The program provides a structured classroom environment but does not use any specific technique Picture Exchange Communication Systems PECS PECS was developed by the Delaware Autistic Program in 1985 to help autistic and children with other language problems to communicate The program teaches the children on the basis of ABA Applied Behavior Analysis to exchange pictures for what they want Two advantages of this program are that it can be used with everybody outside of the childs usual circle and the child initiates it Social Stories Carol Gray developed the use of Social Stories in 1991 to help children affected by autism develop Theory of mind Each story is constructed of four different kinds of sentences Descriptive sentences answer the where who what and why Perspective sentences address the inner
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