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Word Count: 1,678
The Art of Italy and Northern Europe from 1300 to 1520 The years between 1300 to 1520 commonly known as the Renaissance was an era of extraordinarily advanced achievements made in the art world Techniques that began to be utilized at this period of time made the artworks surpass those of any other preceding movement A word of caution is necessary when speaking of a rebirth of the spirit of antiquity In Italy much more so than in northern Europe the classical tradition had been more or less continuous Fleming 283 Since the classic Roman style was consistently present in the south the Italian Renaissance was not really a rebirth as is suggested by a literal translation of the word It was actually a reemphasis and reinterpretation on the already existing techniques and then after this recreation a surpassing of them The Italian revival of antiquity was connected to the newfound concept of humanism The humanistic approach was the cause of the studying of classic Pagan authors therefore explaining the influence it had on many compositions The origin of the Italian Renaissance can be identified to the very end of the medieval period The latter part of the era was one that seemed to have one foot planted in the Middle Ages and the other in the emerging Renaissance Fleming 248 In approximately 1305 the visionary Giotto began his frescos at the Arena Chapel Giotto looked at his surroundings he saw how things appeared in nature and painted these objects in the same way The impression of depth is found in his works as was the appearance of focal points In his masterpiece Miracle of the Spring Saint Francis is made the focal point This is achieved by the coming together of the two mountains in the background in a crisscross fashion and meeting where the Saint is simultaneously Giotto uses the image of a sloping mountain to draw attention
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