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Word Count: 953
Julius Caesar was murdered on the Ides of March in 44 BC by the people he trusted and thought were his friends The justification for his death was that he was too ambitious and wanted too much power The very concept of government in Rome was against dictatorship to which Caesar posed a great threat Although Rome recognized the need for a distinct leader the power given to the leader was not absolute The Romans devised a system to avoid dictatorship and retain freedom but at the same time maintain control of the affairs of the Empire These leaders originally given the title of praetor meaning to lead the way Asimov 24 were elected Their terms of office were for one year and they could not succeed themselves Two praetors were elected each year and they both had to agree on issues before action was taken Later the title was changed to consul which is another way to say partners Praetors and consuls main responsibility was to manage the armed forces of Rome and to lead the armies in warfare Quaestors were also selected two at a time for one year terms Their main role was to serve as judges and to supervise all criminal trials The Senate was designed to advise the Praetors or Consuls It originally consisted of one hundred representatives of clans that made up the city The men were chosen based on their age experience and wisdom the word senate is Latin for old men The Senators or Patricians were expected to be obeyed In fact the praetors had to bow to the will of the senate Asimov 24 This system of governing worked well for several centuries The government of Rome gradually evolved as did the citizens opinion on dictatorship The Senate became corrupt with many Patricians being easily bribed Almost all of the power belonged to a distinct few The idea of a dictator no longer caused fear
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