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Painter Born July 28 1887 in Blainville France the son of a notary of Rouen One of Marcels brothers Gaston known as Jacques Villon was a painter another brother Raymond Duchamp-Villon was a sculptor Duchamp moved to Paris at the age of 17 and began to paint By 1911 he was responding in his painting to cubism but his subjects were unusually personal and psychologically complex compared to the typical cubist ones Scandal of the Armory Show In his famous Nude Descending a Staircase No 2 1912 Duchamp used a limited cubist palette and faceting of forms but completely contradicted the cubist esthetic in his choice of an ironic title and stress on actual movement When this painting was exhibited at the Armory Show in New York City in 1913 it created an uproar and was the focal point for derogatory criticism of the show one critic described the work as an explosion in a shingle factory In 1912-1913 a radical change took place in both Duchamps life and art Together with the writer Guillaume Apollinaire and the painter Francis Picabia he began working out a highly original and mocking concept of art Duchamp sought out methods of making art in which the artists hand would not be stressed using chance and mechanical methods of drawing and painting Increasingly language and the nonvisual side of art became important to him As he later said I am interested in ideas--not merely the visual products I want to put painting once again to the service of the mind Inventor of Ready-Mades In 1913 Duchamp created his first ready-made the Bicycle Wheel This was the first of a limited number of everyday objects that Duchamp chose sometimes making minor additions rather than made by hand In these he questioned conventional ideas about the artists role in the creation of art and about original and unique artistic products and he brought up issues as
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