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Islam--- Muhammad was born in Mecca Much of what we know about him we know through the Quran and the hadiths remembrance of him by his followers Supreme god Allah was an object of faith but not of worship Located in Mecca was a black meteorite that had fallen to earth long before Muhammad time it is believed to have been sent from heaven As a religious person Muhammad spent time pondering and meditating in caves He received his first revelation at 40 during a religious retreat in the caves A bright presence came to him and held before his eyes a cloth covered in writing It commanded three times that he recite what was written there He became convinced that the bright presence was the angel Gabriel and when further revelations came to him Muhammad began to share them with his closest friends and family members-particularly his wife his cousin Ali and his friend Abu Bakr These were the first Muslims When Muhammad began to share to proclaim his revelations more openly he was not well received At the invitation of leaders of Yathrib Muhammad and hi followers left Mecca in 622 This migration is called the hijra It marks the point at which Muhammads message began to be favorably received and the start of the Islamic community Muhammad set up his first mosque in Yathrib where many early rules about worship and social regulation were worked out Yatrib is now called Medina Muhammads goal was always to return to Mecca He was bale to return in 630 he died in 632 At the heart of Islam is a belief in an all-powerful transcendent God who has created the universe and who controls it down to the smallest detail People are called to prayer by a muezzin -a chanter that announces that Allah is great God has spoken repeatedly through human beings-prophets to reveal his mind He spoke
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