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The United States in World War II created nuclear weapons in a secret wartime project The US spent over 2 billion dollars in 1945 on the project in fear that the Germans might succeed in creating a similar weapon However the Germans did not seriously pursue the development of the nuclear weapons during World War II Four years after the United States exploded the first atomic bomb in 1945 on Hiroshima the Soviet Union tested their own With this the nuclear arms race began The US succeeded in conducting the first test explosion of a nuclear weapon on July 16 1945 at Alamogordo New Mexico With authorisation from President Harry Truman the US military dropped the first nuclear weapon over the Japanese City of Hiroshima and a second nuclear weapon was dropped over Nagasaki three days later on August 9 1945 There is no accurate account of how many persons died in the atomic bombings of the two Japanese cities However it is generally acknowledged that some 90000-100000 persons died immediately in Hiroshima and some 35000-40000 died immediately in Nagasaki By the end of 1945 some 140000 persons in Hiroshima had died as a result of the bombing and some 70000 persons died in the same time period in Nagasaki The bombs inflicted massive casualties as a result of blast heat and radiation Survivors of the atomic bombings of these cities have continued to suffer from disfiguration radiation-induced illnesses and genetic damage that will affect future generations Nuclear weapons are clearly genocidal The weapons that destroyed Hiroshima and Nagasaki were small by comparison with the nuclear weapons subsequently developed The weapon that destroyed Hiroshima with a core of Uranium 235 had a power of approximately 15 kilotons or 15000 tons of dynamite TNT The weapon that destroyed Nagasaki had a power of approximately 20 kilotons or 20000 tons of TNT Nuclear weapons developed in the 50 years following World War II have
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