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People with autism have been productive members of society when given the opportunity The restrictions and limitations placed upon autistic individuals have created skeptics and negative stereotypes Although not every high functioning autistic person grows up to be a genius or an extraordinarily gifted individual but several have surpassed the limiting expectations when given the opportunity Albert Einstein Sir Isaac Newton and Leonardo Da Vinci to name a few have broken barriers and placed themselves in history as remarkable individuals Autism also sometimes called Infantile Autism Early Infantile Autism Autistic Disorder or Kanners syndrome is a severe developmental disorder that is distinguished by communication and behavior problems that usually develop before the age of three The term autism refers to the autistic individuals vacant withdrawn appearance First named in 1943 by an American child psychologist Leo Kanner early infantile autism describes a rare group of symptoms Its incidence is approximately 45 in 10000 and autistic males outnumber females by 4 to 1 some studies suggest a 3 to 1 ratio Autistic children ordinarily are unable to use language meaningfully showing impaired non-verbal and verbal communication including abnormal speech patterns or loss of speech About half of all autistic children are mute and those with speech frequently only mechanically repeat what they have heard Behaviors such as repeating body movements unusual responses to the world around them and insistence of following strict routines are common In some cases individuals may display aggressive or self- injurious behavior No one individual with autism will display all of its possible characteristics Instead each individual may demonstrate a unique combination of symptoms Symptoms vary from individual to individual and can range from mild to severe Some autistic children have advanced ability such as mathematical skill such as the autistic savant depicted in the film Rain Man The estimated prevalence of savant abilities in autism is ten percent whereas the prevalence in the non-autistic population including those with mental retardation is
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