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Causes and Effects of the American Civil War Introduction- The American Civil War began on April 12 1861 when General Pierre Beauregard opened fire with 50 cannons on Fort Sumter This marked the beginning of one of the longest and bloodiest wars in American history It was also the only war that took place fully on American soil The entire war lasted four years and claimed over 620000 American lives with many more injured Causes- Many people attribute the cause of this war to the abolishment of slavery and although that was one of the major catalysts in starting the war it was not the main cause behind the war starting The main cause to the war starting was tat the south was sick and tired of the federal government meddling with the governing of individual states The states thought that the government meddled too much in the affairs of individual states The abolishment of slavery was just the excuse the south was looking for to secede from the union and form its own government placing the majority of the governing power in the states and not in a central government An excellent metaphor for the cause of the war which I found on the net is to say that the causes were like a Wagon Wheel The central hub of the problem being the problem of states rights This was the central cause behind the war The spokes of the wheel being either real or perceived problems of the south such as unfair laws injustices etc Now just having these problems doesnt make a wheel ie a war you still need the rim of the wheel The rim in this case was slavery The reason why this caused the south to secede was because the souths economy was based upon the backs of slaves The upper class politicians the majority of whom were plantation owners thought they would be
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