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Explain the causes for the failure of White Revolution MAbdollahi May 1999 Introduction The circumstances of the events between the years 1960 and 1963 are considered as the background and basis for the proclamation of the White Revolution The general atmosphere of political uncertainty and poor economic prospects reduced domestic saving and investment Thus the inflationary pressure continued and the cost of living rose day by day In addition the Iranian economic situation was conditioned by the political conflict In 1960 one of the most important events was the election of the twentieth Majles The two parties that the Shah created the Melliun Nationalist Party and the Mardom People Party were rivals Under US pressure the Shah allowed independent Second National Front candidates to enter the race Despite the promise of the Shah that the elections would take place in greater freedom than in the past it seemed that he hand picked all the candidates of both parties and as the elections proceeded it became clear that it was his authority that was influencing the result Thus the Shah cancelled the elections and on 10 January 1961held new ones Another important event in this period was the appointment of Sharif Emami to the post of Prime Minister on 3o August 1960 Hence as Ghods explained because Emami was affiliated with no political party and had close ties to the religious establishment but because he did not implement any reforms he failed to achieve either politic popularity or US support Thus he resigned from his post on 4th May 1961 On the 6th May 1961 Dr Ali Amini replaced Emami and for the first time promised a White Revolution Amini was one of the American favourites in Iran Abrahamian explained that the United States favoured Amini for a number of reasons As ambassador in Washington during the late 1950s he had
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