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NATIONALISM- peoples sense of belonging together as a nation - loyalty to the nation pride in its culture and history - a desire for national independence - movement in which the nation-state is regarded as paramount for the realization of social economic and cultural aspirations of people I CAUSES FOR THE RISE OF NATIONALISM IN INDONESIA -the Indonesians seeked for unity in their country to fight the colonizers Dutch that are getting their natural products to improve their own economy -the Indonesians didnt like the Dutch to have a better economy than they do -the Indonesians also thought that there might be a possibility that the Dutch will conquer their lands so they formed groups that are against them -the Dutch penetrated the Javanese society more deeply and they expanded their control to other regions -the Dutch annexed large areas of central Java and enforced the Culture System on the Indonesians which was very unfair to the peasants who had to devote 15 of their land for the governments use -unjust treatment of Dutch to the Indonesians regarding trading economic and political rights II METHODS USED -through direct force and alliances with native leaders the Dutch governor-general Coen tried to stop the inter island network of traders from engaging in international trade -The Dutch clashed briefly with Mataram then settled into a period of coexistence The Dutch captured Malacca in 1641 but Malacca no longer had complete control of the spice trade to Europe To gain a trade monopoly the company allowed cloves to be grown only on the island of Ambon and nutmeg and mace to be grown only in the Banda Islands The company destroyed the spice trees in other places In 1678 Mataram was forced to cede the Priangan region of western Java to the Dutch company -The Dutch East India Company introduced coffee and other new crops to Java It also started a system of forced
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