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Tourette Syndrome Tourette Syndrome Genetic diseases are diseases passed down through heredity and genes Tourette Syndrome is one of the more common genetic diseases Although it is made fun of in television and movies Tourette syndrome is a very serious disorder Tourette Syndrome or TS is an inherited neurological disorder characterized by repeated involuntary body movement tics and uncontrollable vocal sounds The cause of TS has not yet been established completely however scientists do know its inher ed as a dominant gene or genes Scientists also know that it stems from an abnormal metabolism of atleast one brain chemical neurotransmitter called dopamine TS causes different symptoms in different family members A person with TS has a 50 chan of passing the gene to each child with each pregnancy The sex of the child helps to determine the expression of the gene There is a 3-4 times more chance of a son having the gene than a daughter Only about 10 of TS patients get severe enough to quire medical attention Some cases arent inherited and are called sporadic TS There are no absolute figures that exist as far as the number of people in the world suffering from Tourettes because many people living with Tourettes have yet to be d gnosed The official estimate of Americans suffering from TS is about 100000 people TS was first seen in 1825 in the Marquise de Dampierre a noblewoman whose symptoms included involuntary tics of many parts of her body and coprolaliavocal outbursts Georges Gilles de la Tourette is the French neurologist who discovered and named e disorder in the early 1800s In 1992 the British Medical Journal published an article by Benjamin Simkin speculating that Mozart had Tourette Syndrome An Associated Press story about those articles was picked up by newspapers all around the world ausing an international sensation The article was later retracted but theres still speculation about Mozart actually having Tourettes He
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