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TURNERS SYNDROME Turner syndrome also known as Turners Syndrome is a chromosomal disorder resulting in a syndrome characterized by specific dysmorphic features short stature and organ malformations All humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes which contain all of our genetic information Men are different from women because they have on pair of chromosomes consisting of a single X and a single Y chromosome Women however normally have two X chromosomes Unlike females who dont have Turners Syndrome who have two X chromosomes those with Turners Syndrome are missing or have a damaged X chromosome It is impossible for a male to have Turners Syndrome because without an X chromosome a male fetus cannot survive Y chromosomes cannot function on there own Single X chromosomes can survive but the resulting child is a girl with Turner Syndrome Turners syndrome is a genetic disorder of females characterized by the complete or partial absence of one of the two X chromosomes The syndrome occurs in about 1 per 3000 female births About 98 of pregnancies abort spontaneiously and approximately 10 of fetuses from pregnancies that have spontaneously aborted have Turners Syndrome The newborns that are affected typically are below average in length with swollen hands and feet and loose folds of skin also known as webbing on the neck Common signs in older children and adults who have Turners Syndrome include short stature a low hairline low-set ears a wide chest underdeveloped nails pigmented moles bending out of the elbows puffy hands and feet and kidney and cardiovascular abnormalities Short stature is almost always found in Turners Syndrome the cause of which is multifactorial including intrauterine growth retardation gradual decline in height velocity in childhood absence of pubertal growth spurt and to end organ resistance resulting from skeletal dysplasia Patients also have abnormal body proportions Their ultimate height range is between 55 and 58 inches They also have medical problems such as
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