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WILL DEMOCRACY GUARANTEE EQUALITY A Democratic nation is said to be a free nation but that is simply not true To begin with I should like to offer some discussion regarding the concept of democracy Democracy is a form of government in which a substantial portion of the citizens directly or indirectly participate in ruling the state It is thus distinct from government control by a particular social class or group or even by a single person In a direct democracy citizens vote on laws in an assembly as they did in ancient Greek city-states and as they do today in New England towns In an indirect democracy citizens elect officials to represent them in government representation is typical of most modern democracies Today the essential features of democracy as understood in the Western world are that citizens be sufficiently free in speech and assembly An example of modern democracy is to form competing political parties where voters are able to chose among the candidates of the parties in regularly held elections The origins of a democracy may be traced to the Greek city-state during the 6th century BC Aristotles Constitution of Athens shows that in Athens all citizens rich and poor alike fully participated in government It was not until the 17th century that democratic ideas reappeared on a large scale After the fall of Rome Europe produced societies which were primarily concerned with security rather than democratic institutions In the 20th century most states have called themselves democratic However many such governments rule in the name of the people without allowing popular participation During most of the 20th century this was true in the Communist world where Marxist-Leninists theorists rejected Western style democracy as the creation of capitalism They argued that true democracy is only possible with full economic and social equality which can only be achieved by overthrowing the capitalist class and establishing a dictatorship of the proletariat working class
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