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Normative Ethics Normative Ethics is a theory of ethics that is based on what ought to be morally right Most ethical theories are based from a normative base Normative ethics are based on what ought to be good or bad right or wrong and just or unjust The ethical principles are ways to describe the actions and behaviors that we perform There are several theories that apply to normative ethics like utilitarianism pluralism and rights based ethics Utilitarianism is a principle which approves or disapproves of every action according to whether it increases or diminishes the amount of happiness or good of the interested party This issue is deeply imbedded in the ever-expanding world of information technology New technologies like personnel monitoring hit this issue directly Employers may see short-term benefits of monitoring employees such as insider trading efficiency or performance But employers must consider what effect that the monitoring will have on the employees The overall happiness or good for all the parties involved are not always addressed The company may see results from their end but the employees may receive an adverse effect To successfully make a utility-based decision managers must take in to consideration who is going to be influenced by the decision to be made Pluralism or duty based ethical principles outline some different ideas Immanuael Kant say the worth of an action is not found in what the person is trying to accomplish but rather the intention that they had People must perform actions as a function of duty regardless of the consequences Duty is an obligation to follow universal moral laws These moral laws are outlined to make sure that projects or objectives do not superceded the worth of human beings An important IT example would be the use of private customer information in a negative manner Managers have a right to ensure that customer information especially financial information like credit cards or asset holdings The managers have
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