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The Approach of Hermeneutics The approach of hermeneutics does not assume that all reasoning can be considered within some foundational belief but rather must be interpreted in their own terms Hermeneutics is therefore in conflict with many current cultural traditions descended from the dialectic It is also directly contrasted with deconstruction which has radically different conclusions about the results of textual analysis To read and understand a text of Ricoeur is not to understand it in one way now and forever There is no science of interpretation which affords the one correct true reading The possibility of understanding arises from the totally positive relation of belonging The world of the text and the world of the reader come across each other in a fusion of horizons that occurs in front of the text Because in written discourse there is a distance in time and space separating the author and potential readers there is a radical alienation that separates the reader from the sense of the author and the reference of the text This distance functions like the dissimilarity in metaphor and the conflict of meanings in symbols By reducing the conflict in meanings between the dissimilar worlds of the text and the reader new meanings new models and new realities arise in front of the text Reading becomes a kind of work of rendering a text as meaningful For example the light shines upon you by trying to understand this phrase one can break it down by defining the words light shine upon and you By defining these words the reader can get a general idea of the message the writer is trying to produce not just a specific this may also be known as the hermeneutical circle Ricoeur writes that In explanation we ex-plicate or unfold the range of propositions and meanings where as in understanding we comprehend or grasp as a whole the chain of partial meanings
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