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Word Count: 563
One of the most significant events of the Renaissance was the religious movement of the Sixteenth Century This milestone known as the Protestant Reformation was the most serious upheaval in the Christian Church since the introduction of Christianity into Europe Primarily this revolution was neither political philosophical nor literary It was a revolt that was centrally religious and idealistically moral in its motivation It did however achieve revolution in politics philosophy literature art and music in the end although it was not begun for the sake of these aims The German Reformation was directed by a man of genius and energy Martin Luther Luther was born November 10 1483 in Eisleben Thuringia a province noted for its many musicians even up to the birth of Johann Sebastian Bach Luther was brought up in the Roman Catholic Church After attending the Latin Schools at Mansfeld Magdeburg and Eisenach he entered the University of Erfurt in 1501 From this institution he received the Bachelors degree in 1502 and the Masters degree in 1505 He entered an Augustinian Monastery on July 17 1505 to become a monk Two years later he was ordained as a priest In 1508 Luther was appointed Professor of Philosophy at Wittenberg University and he also studied there subsequently to receive the Doctor of Theology degree in 1512 In 1515 Luther was appointed Augustinian Vicar for Meissen and Thuringia During the period of his appointment as Vicar Luther underwent a modification in his views and beliefs It is with music as well as theology that Luther brought about sweeping reforms in the German Church During Luthers time congregational chorales were performed in the service without accompaniment They were most often sung with the choir in unison and occasionally the congregation would sing the melody while the choir sang a simple polyphonic harmonization However the pipe organ was never used to accompany hymns The general view of Luther toward the organ was not at
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