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RUNNING HEAD PIAGET AND VYGOTSKY Piaget and Vygotsky Tiffany Dadula 980 031 406 Prof Isaac Smith PSY 302 March 25 2004 Everyday life is characterized by conscious purpose From reaching for food to designing an experiment our actions are directed at goals This purpose reveals itself partly in our conscious awareness and partly in the organization of our thoughts and actions Cognition as defined as the activity of knowing and the processes through which knowledge is acquired Shaffer et al 2002 is the process involved in thinking and mental activity such as attention memory and problem solving Much past and present theory has emphasized the parallels between the articulated prepositional structure of language and the structure of an internal code or language of thought In this paper I will discuss language and cognition and two famous theorists who were both influential in forming a more scientific approach to analyzing the process of cognitive development Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky Jean Piaget was known for his establishment of the four major periods of cognitive development Lev Vygotsky was the complement to Piagets theory with his sociocultural perspective on cognitive development Both were keenly interested in the relationship of thinking and language learning Jean Jacques Piaget was born in Neuch Switzerland on August 9 1896 His father Arthur Piaget was a professor in Medieval Literature His mother Rebecca Jackson was an intelligent woman but Jean found her a little bit neurotic When he was in his late youth he had a faith crisis His mother encouraged him to attend church to only found it foolish So he had decided to focus less on philosophy and more on psychology Smith L Piaget attended the University of Neuch There he studied natural sciences He then attended the University of Z were he gained
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