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Hippocrates the Father of MedicineHippocrates greatest physician of antiquity is regarded as the father of medicine Born on the island of Kos Greece in the year 460 bc says the earliest biography written by Soranus of Ephesus in the a third century ad Although a native of Kos he was forced to leave the island as the result of a fire for which he was blamed He traveled to many other islands to practice medicine Most of the cases in the two books of Epidemics considered to be genuine are located at Thasos a small island in the North Aegean Sea and at Abdera a town on the adjacent mainland but there are also references to Cyzicus on the south coast of the Sea of Marmara and to Larisa and Meliboea in Thessaly He died according to tradition in Larissa Greece little else is known about him His name is associated wioth the Hippocratic Oath though he probably is not the author of the document In fact of the approximately 70 works ascribed to him in the Hippocratic Collection Hippocrates may actually have written about six of them The Hippocratic Collection probably is the remnant of the medical library of the famous Kos school of medicine His teachings sense of detachment and ability to make direct clinical observations probably influenced the other authors of these works and had much to do with freeing ancient medicine from superstitionAmong the more significant works of the Hippocratic Collection is Airs Waters and Places which instead of ascribing diseases to divine origin disusses their environmental causes It proposes that considerations such as a towns weather drinking water and site along the paths of favorable winds can help a physician ascertain the general health of citizens Three other works- Prognostic Coan Prognosis and Aphorisms -advanced the then- revbolutionary idea that by observing enough cases a physician can predict the course of a disease The idea of preventative medicine first
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