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The history of the United States is full of unsolved mysteries One of the greatest mysteries which occurred in 1953 was the electrocution of Ethel and Julius Rosenberg under the Espionage Act They were convicted for giving the secret information about the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union The anti-communist sentiment that characterized the Cold War and McCarthyism led to their trial and execution Even though there is some evidence of the Rosenbergs guilt numerous facts which were discovered after the death of Ethel and Julius argue more convincingly that they were innocent victims of Cold War hysteria the United States almost as soon as Nazi Germany was defeated in 1945Larsen24 Before the elections in 1946 the USChamber of Commerce published a pamphlet which had a title - Communist Infiltration in the United States Its Nature and How to Combat It This pamphlet was suppose to show that the New Deal programs of Franklin Roosevelt initiated the beginning of communism in the United States Before World War II the Communist Party was considered legal However starting in 1950 people could be prosecuted if they were members of the Party Larsen24 The Cold War started to develop between the United States and the Soviet Union in the middle of the twentieth century Senator Joseph R McCarthy became the main anti-communistic figure in US government On February 91950 he said that Communism not only threatened capitalism but that Russia was a moral enemy of the United States MossWilson220 He organized HUAC The House Un-American Activities Committee McCarthy held hearings where he asked people whether they have ever participated in communist activities The ones who answered yes were blacklisted and could not find jobs People who came before the committee also had an option to take the Fifth The Fifth Amendment gave people the right against self-incrimination meaning that they did not have to testify or give evidence against themselves However most of the people who took the
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