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History The Sioux Nation contained about twenty thousand people in seven different tribes throughout the Northern Great plains The Sioux were originally part of the seven council fires Oceti Sakowin which was made up of seven bands four Dakota two nakota and one teton or lakota band The word Sioux originated from the near by Chippewa tribe where they called the Oceti Sakowin Nadoweisiw meaning little snakes The French later corrupted the term to nadowessioux which the English later shortened to Sioux The Sioux lived in the head waters of Mississippi Minnesota and Wisconsin Around 1750-1775 the Oglala Lakota split off of the main Dakota homeland in Minnesota and moved west to the Black Hills where the Cheyenne along with the Kiowa and Crow lived By 1794 the Lakota controlled the Black Hills and latter created alliances with some of the tribes The lakota also set a trend for the rest of the tribes to follow Around 1851 the US and Native American tribes signed the Fort Laramine treaty which was to guarantee peace between the US and many tribes in the plains area However this did not happen There was constant US involvement which broke many of the treatys promises Chief Red Cloud along with the Lakotas and Cheyenne fought the US and maintained ground This is the only time any Indian leader totally defeated the United States in an extended all out war The result was the 1868 Laramine treaty which withdrew military forces from the Black Hills area This later created the great Sioux reservation in which Sioux could live and hunt on With constant confusion between where the Lakota could stay and go they began to go off the reservation Some of the Lakotas or Siouxs did not go back to the reservation so on June 25th 1876 Chief Sitting Bull along with other tribes were taken by surprise by General George Armstrong Custer Within twenty minutes Custer along with
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