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1 What are the innovations of Isadora Duncan Denishawn Martha Graham and Cunningham Discuss these in relation to style technique and theory Many Historians say that Isadora Duncan was the first dancer to present modern dancing to the public Duncan felt that the pointe shoes and costumes that ballerinas wore were to restrictive She began to dance in a way that seemed to be more natural to her Her inspirations came from the movements of the tress the ocean and other forms from nature Her techniques included hopping swaying skipping and running She felt these type of movements were natural and expressive Also the history of the Greeks inspired her to dance barefoot and wear tunics similar to those of Greek style Isadora Duncan paved the way for all modern dancers and choreographers who were to follow her Learning About Dance pg61-62 Denishawn was a dance school created in 1915 by Ruth St Denis and Ted Shawn Denis and Shawn were greatly inspired by different cultures especially the Asian cultures Although the dances Denishawn performed werent authentic they were still able to bring other countries dance views to American audiences The purpose of Denishawn was to educate the total dancer Meaning to bring together the body mind and spirit Learning About Dance pg 62-63 Martha Graham developed a technique known as contracting and releasing through the center of the body This technique can be seen throughout many of her dances Graham would create dances that dealt with psychological issues She would use themes relating to American life Greek Mythology American Pioneers and American Indians Learning About Dance pg6371 Merce Cunningham was the first choreographer to not use traditional choreographic methods He developed a new style of choreography He did not believe dance had to have a certain storyline or theme His theory of dance revolved around the idea of movement for movements sake He felt that any part of the body
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