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After the Union victory in the Civil came the ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment in 1865 freeing nearly four million black slaves Three years later the Fourteenth Amendment was ratified which gave the right to citizenship to blacks and in 1870 the Fifteenth Amendment granted blacks the right to vote The time after the Civil War approximately from 1865 to 1877 is known as the Reconstruction period Although these new provisions to the Constitution granted blacks the same rights as white Americans these laws were often ignored especially in the South known as the Jim Crow South For over eighty years Jim Crow laws were passed throughout the South to oppress the black population These laws supported segregation and created obstacles to stop blacks from voting Along with the Jim Crow laws blacks also had to endure violent acts from whites which often involved beatings burning of homes and business and lynching The brutal treatment of blacks in the Jim Crow South were often overlooked until September 23 1955 when an all-white jury proclaimed two men not guilty after they murdered an innocent boy by the name of Emmett Till The death of Emmett Till and his trial would help bring to light the brutality of the Jim Crow SouthOn July 25 1941 Emmett Louis Till was born in Chicago Illinois to Louis and Mamie Till a native of Mississippi Mamie and Louis separated in 1942 and Louis who served in World War II was executed while serving in Italy for willful misconduct After the death of her only child Mamie Till will find out that Louis Till was executed for rape and murder This would later play a major role in the way the media would twist the story to justify the jurys verdict in Emmett Tills caseGrowing up in the North Emmett and Mamie Till had a different view of the times Emmett Till grew up on Chicagos South Side Unlike
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