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The Can Computers Think debate raises fundamental questions about human identity for humans have always been defined as the rational species What if actual reasoning could be incorporated into computers Humans would then no longer be as unique as thought This is a difficult concept for many to digest therefore people have a hard time believing the possibility that computers may be able to think This controversy is of constant debate especially when IBMs Deep Blue computer beat the top human at chess on TV as millions watched Unable to comprehend that computers may be intelligent the computer must first pass a test to determine if in fact they are or are not intelligent This test is known as the Turing Test The Turing Test is a behavioral approach to determining whether or not a system is intelligent Alan Turing believes that conversation is the key to judging intelligence In the Turing test a judge has conversations with a human and a machine Both subjects try to convince the judge that it is human The conversations can be about anything and proceed for a set amount of time The judge bases his answer entirely upon the content of their answers If at the end of this time the judge cannot distinguish the machine from the human on the basis of the conversation then Turing argued that we would have to say that the machine was intelligent If the computer takes this test many times and at least half of the tests the judge identifies the computer as human than it has passed the Turing test The Turing test may also have been used to determine whether Data the ships android commander is the property of Star Fleet If the judge finds Data to be a computer more than half of the times he took the test than Data has failed the test If he fails the test then it can be
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