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Word Count: 1,220
In 1946 at the culmination of World War II four victorious allies stood together unified Three of these world powers the United States France and Britain were all governed by the ideals of capitalism and democracy In contrast the Soviet Union was the pinnacle of communist thought The relationship of the Allies was based on a common interest in the post-war future of Germany Soon it was apparent that the Soviet concept of post-war Germany differed from its peers Two events concerning the German question proved to be essential in identifying the heightening tension between the Allies In 1948 the Berlin Blockade marked the first true crisis of the Cold War The Berlin Blockade marked the end of cooperative rule in Germany and an extreme heightening in Cold War tensions Secondly in 1961 the Berlin Crisis an extension of the prior circumstance threatened to spark an international war Lastly blame must be assessed regarding these separate events Historians of the Cold War are divided in the most general sense into two categories The traditionalist view maintains that the Soviets carry the burden of guilt Revisionists are reluctant to place blame on the Soviets alone Rather the Soviets were put in situations where they had no choice but to act offensively The Allied Control Council ACC established in 1945 at the Yalta Conference was charged with the responsibility of governing Germany The ACC consisted of the leaders of the four allied nations- France United States Soviet Union and Great Britain Later at Potsdam is was agreed that Germany was to be divided into four sections each under the jurisdiction of one ally Berlin was not to be included in any of these zones Rather Berlin was to be under the authority of an Allied Kommandatura which answered to the ACC Furthermore the newly formed ACC was to carry out the five ds demilitarization denazification de-industrialization decentralization and democratization It was a priority to debilitate Germanys
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