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The word race is defined as one of the group of populations constituting humanity Upon a first glance the word seems easy enough to understand However what are these groups and how does one categorize them Who fits where and why These questions among others arise when thinking of race Does race really exist Genetically a race may be defined as a group with gene frequencies differing from those of the other groups in the human species although the genes in question make up a tiny percentage of the total human genome The term race is inappropriate when applied to national religious or cultural groups nor can the biological criteria of race be equated with mental characteristics intelligence personality and character Races arose in response to mutation selection geographic adaptation and genetic drift racial differentiation occurred relatively late in history In the 19th and early 20th century Joseph Arthur Gobineau and Houston Stewart Chamberlain attributed cultural and psychological values to race proposing theories of racial superiority an approach that culminated in the vicious racial doctrines of Nazi Germany By limiting the criteria to certain physical characteristics anthropologists at one time agreed on the existence of three relatively distinct groups of people namely Caucasoid Mongoloid and Negroid distinguished by such traits as skin color hair type and color shape of body head and facial features and blood traits Today however there is no scientific basis whatsoever for a general classification of races according to a scale of relative superiority and racial prejudices and myths are no more than a means of finding a scapegoat when the position of individuals and the cohesion of a group are threatened Anthropologists stress the heterogeneity of world population and many reject the concept of race outright This concept is not understood by most and must be emphasized to people around the world This would create unity the world over simply by pointing out that race does not exist In
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