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Atomic Bomb Atomic Bomb powerful explosive nuclear weapon fueled by the splitting uranium or plutonium in a chain reaction The strength of the explosion created by an atomic bomb is equal to 22000 tons of tnt Usually the plutonium or uranium in a bomb is separated into parts so that an explosion or critical mass is not reached until the bomb is set to explode This process releases a lot of energy in the form of heat and powerful shock wave this is the intense explosion In addition to its destructive power made up of pressure waves flashes burns and high winds a nuclear explosion also produces deadly radiation The radiation destroys living things and contaminates soil and water Atomic bombs were the first nuclear weapons to be developed tested and used In the 1930s scientists in Europe and the United States discovered that the splitting of uranium could be used to create an extremely powerful explosive weapon The US government started top secret Manhattan Project in 1942 to develop an atomic bomb The leader of the Manhattan Project was US Army General Leslie R Groves His team wat working in several locations but in large part at New Mexico where she designed and built the first atomic bombs The first atomic explosion was done as a test at Alamogordo New Mexico on July 16 1945 The energy released from this explosion was equal to the explosion of 20000 tons of TNT Near the end of World War II on August 6 1945 the United States dropped the first atomic bomb on Japan in the city of Hiroshima It followed with a second bomb against the city of Nagasaki on August 9 According to the US 60000 to 70000 people were killed by the Hiroshima bomb called Little Boy and about 40000 by the bomb dropped on Nagasaki called Fat Man Japan surrender on August 14th These are the only times that a nuclear weapon
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