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The book Phobias by Judy Monroe gives a very good definition of phobias discussing every subject behind them different types of phobias and what is done to treat them A phobia is an irrational abnormal or exaggerated fear With phobias the emotional and physical reactions are intensified Phobics become abnormally terrified of threat of danger Their bodies will react to fear in various ways such as sweating shaking or trembling or quick shallow breathing The National Institutes of Mental Health and the Anxiety Disorders Association of America found that up to 12 of Americans have phobias and phobias strike more women than men There are three types of phobias specific phobia social phobia and agoraphobia Someone with specific phobia has an unreasonable persistent fear of a specific object or situation like closed spaces heights and animals for example Someone with social phobia fear situations that involve people like speaking in public or eating in a public restaurant Someone with agoraphobia fear one of the following being alone leaving home or being caught somewhere where leaving is almost impossible The word phobia is derived from the Greek word phobos which means fear terror panic and flight Phobias have been described throughout ancient and modern history and people including Hippocrates Robert Burton John Bunyan and Benjamin Rush all studied phobias and might have been phobics themselves Although more than two hundred phobias have been named researchers have found that about one hundred phobias account for most peoples fears A persons fears can range from their fear of being buried alive taphophobia to being afraid of nosebleeds epistaxiophobia Nobody knows for sure what causes phobias but scientists have come up with many theories Some researchers say that phobias arise when people ignore unresolved problems and conflicts Other researchers say that certain people develop phobias because of their body chemistry Some researchers believe that people learn fear through direct experience Another group of researchers point to
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