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During recent years the use of high moisture grain has become more popular This is due to the increased costs of handling and dry feed grains For cattle feeders in particular storing grains as high moisture This is one practice that can improve their competition Using high moisture grain allows greater opportunity to design a system that will minimize harvest storage and feed processing costs Grains such as wheat have been stored as high moisture but corn is the principal high moisture grain stored High moisture corn can be processed and stored as whole shelled corn ground shelled corn or ground ear corn Deciding whether to dry or store high moisture corn you need to consider the following advantages and disadvantages The advantages of high moisture corn are Costs incurred during artificial drying are eliminated High moisture corn can be harvested two to three weeks earlier than corn harvested for dry storage Dry matter losses from field and harvesting can be decreased by 3 to 8 percent for corn harvested at 25 to 30 percent moisture compared to corn harvested for dry storage Greater potential exists for the use of higher quality residues There are many disadvantages of high moisture corn Some include Loss of some marketing flexibility compared to dry corn Additional processing equipment may be needed Additional storage facilities may be needed Spoilage can be a problem and storage losses may be higher than for dry corn if high moisture corn is not properly ensiled and fed at adequate rates Also High moisture fermented corn may require better bunk and feeding management than dry corn Corn is considered mature when it will reach the maximum quantity of dry matter Most corn kernels are dry matter until moisture decreases to 30 to 35 percent although some may be mature at 40 percent moisture Postponing harvest to decrease corn moisture does not increase yield or energy per acre and often increases field losses Corn kernels
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